Monday, December 31, 2018

2019:: The Year Ahead - Calendar of Anniversaries and Events





ANNIVERSARIES IN 2019


100th Anniversary of the 1919 Paris Peace Conference after World War I

  
Depicted in the painting above, The Signing of Peace in the Hall of Mirrors by Sir William Orpen, is German jurist and politician Johannes Bell signing the peace treaties on June 28, 1919.


Pictured below are the "Big Four" at the Paris Peace Conference.  From left to right: David Lloyd George of Britain, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando of Italy, Georges Clemenceau of France and Woodrow Wilson of the United States.


The Paris Peace Conference was a meeting of Allied victors of World War I.  It's purpose was to set the set the terms for peace with the defeated Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria).  Its major decisions were the creation of the League of Nations and five peace treaties with defeated states.  Its main result was the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, which placed the guilt for the war on "the aggression of Germany and and her allies."  This led to Germany having to pay expensive reparations. The treaty was signed in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles on June 28, 1919.




90 years since the stock market crash of 1929
                                                       


Above is a photo of the crowd gathering on Wall Street after the 1929 stock market crash.  The devastating crash began on October 24, 1929 ("Black Thursday") and continued until October 29, 1929 ("Black Tuesday"), when shares on the New York Stock Exchange collapsed.  The Wall Street Crash was preceded by the crash of the London Stock Exchange in September.  Its ushered in the Great Depression.


80th Anniversary of the beginning of World War II in Europe




The forces of Nazi Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939.  This marked the beginning of World War II in Europe and it occurred one week after the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact between Germany and the Soviet Union.  The Soviets invaded Poland on September 17th  and by October 16th, Germany and the Soviet Union had annexed and divided all of Poland.



70 years since the proclamation of the People's Republic of China




On October 1 1949, the People's Republic of China was proclaimed after a revolution led by Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong.  This signified the end of a civil war between the Nationalist Party (Kuomintang) and the Chinese Communist Party. It also signified the beginning of a single-party state controlled by the CCP.  Mao ruled China as Chairman of the Communist Party until his death on September 9, 1976.




50th Anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon Landing


Apollo 11 crew: (LtoR) Armstrpmg/Collins and Aldrin

Armstrong and Aldrin on the Moon

Buzz Aldrin on the Moon.

Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two humans, both American, on the Moon.  Commander Neil A. Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin landed the lunar module Eagle on July 20, 1969.  Armstrong became the first person to step on the lunar surface on July 21, 1969.  As he stepped down on to the Moon, he uttered the memorable words, "That's one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind."  The event was broadcast on live television .



50 years since the Manson murders


Charles Manson in 1969

In August of 1969, members of a California commune and cult group,, led by Charles Manson, committed several horrendous murders.  On the night of August 8th, Tex Watson and three other members of the Manson Family entered the Los Angeles home of Sharon Tate and her husband, film director Roman Polanski.  Under orders from Charles Manson,to kill everyone in the house, they murdered Tate,(who was eight and a half months pregnant), three friends who were visiting at the time, as well as an 18-year-old visitor, who was slain as he was leaving the home  Polanski was not present as he was making a film in Europe  In the early morning hours of August 10th, Charles Manson and some of his followers went to the home of supermarket executive Leno Labianca and his wife, Rosemary, a dress shop co-owner.  Manson and Tex Watson tied up the couple and Manson left.  After his departure, three members of his group murdered Leno and Rosemary Lebianca.

In 1971, Charles Manson was convicted of first degree murder and conspiracy to commit murder in the deaths of seven people.  He died at the age of 83 on November 19, 2017.



50 years since the Woodstock music festival

Crowd at Woodstock Festival  PHOTO ATTRIBUTION: Derek Redmond and Paul Campbell

Woodstock was a music festival held on a Max Yasgur's dairy farm in the Catskill Mountains, northwest of New York City, from August 15 to August 18, 1969.  The festival drew about a half a million people and it became an icon of the hippie culture of the 1960s.  Some of the artists who performed at Woodstock included Creedence Clearwater Revival, Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young, Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, Jefferson Airplane, the Grateful Dead and Joan Baez.



40th Anniversary of the establishment of an Islamic republic in Iran 

Ayatollah Khomeini

The Iranian Revolution of 1978-1979, was a popular uprising in Iran that led to the overthrow of the monarchy under Shah Mohammad Pahl.  On April 1, 1979, Iran voted by national referendum to become an Islamic Republic under the leadership of  Grand  Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.  Khomeini had returned from exile in Paris on February 1, 1979.



40th Anniversary of the Iran hostage crisis and the rescue of six Americans by Canadians and the CIA


Iranian students at U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran in 1979

On November 4, 1979, Iranian students demonstrated outside the American embassy in Tehran, Iran, demanding the extradition of the Shah of Iran from the United States.  They took over the embassy and held many people hostage.  The hostages were held for 444 days, until January 20, 1981, the day that Ronald Reagan was sworn in as president.

On the day the hostages were seized, six American diplomats evaded capture by hiding in the home of a Canadian diplomat under the protection of Ken Taylor, the Canadian ambassador to Iran.  The government of then-Canadian prime minister Joe Clark allowed Canadian passports to be issued to some American citizens so that they could escape.  The CIA, using the the cover of a film project, helped the American diplomats board a fight to Switzerland.  The incident is known as the "Canadian Caper."


                                                                                                                 
HOLIDAYS, FESTIVALS AND OBSERVANCES, RELIGIOUS AND SECULAR 2019 (Canada and the United States)





JANUARY


NEW YEAR'S DAY (Gregorian Calendar):  Tuesday, January 1, 2019




FEAST OF THE EPIPHANY:  Sunday, January 6, 2019






MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY (United States):  Monday, January 21, 2019







FEBRUARY


VALENTINE'S DAY:  Thursday, February 14, 2019








CHINESE NEW YEAR




2019 is The Year of the Pig.  The Chinese New Year, also known as the Spring Festival, in determined according to the Chinese lunar calendar.  This year the festival begins on Friday, February 5, 2019, the first day of the lunar calendar.  It lasts for seven days.





PRESIDENTS' DAY (United States):  Monday, February 18, 2019









MARCH



MARDI GRAS (SHROVE TUESDAY):  Tuesday, March 5, 2019







ASH WEDNESDAY:  Lent begins Wednesday, February 14, 2018









INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY:  Friday, March 8, 2019






ST. PATRICK'S DAY:  Sunday, March 17, 2019





APRIL


GOOD FRIDAY:  Friday, April 19, 2019







EASTER SUNDAY:  Sunday, April 21, 2019









PASSOVER:  Begins the evening of Friday, April 19, 2019 and ends the evening of Saturday, April 27, 2019






EARTH DAY:  Monday, April 22, 2019





MAY


MOTHER'S DAY:  Sunday, May 12, 2019







RAMADAM (Islamic holy month) :  Begins at sunset on Tuesday, May 5, 2019 and ends on Thursday, June 4, 2019 (Dates may vary)






VICTORIA DAY (Canada):  Monday, May 20, 2019



MEMORIAL DAY (United States): Monday, May 27, 2019







JUNE

EID-AL-FITR (End of Ramadan): Begins in the evening of Thursday, June 4, 2019 and ends in the evening of Friday, June 5, 2019.








FATHER'S DAY:  Sunday, June 16, 2019 (the third Sunday in June)







JULY


CANADA DAY (Canada):  Monday, July 1, 2019








INDEPENDENCE DAY (United States):  Thursday, July 4, 2019









AUGUST



SEPTEMBER


LABOUR DAY (Canada), LABOR DAY (United States):  Monday, September 2, 2019






ROSH HASHANA (Jewish New Year):  Begins at sunset on Sunday, September 29, 2019 and ends at nightfall on Tuesday, October 1, 2019







OCTOBER


YOM KIPPUR (Jewish Day of Atonement):  Begins the evening of Tuesday, October 8, 2019 and ends the evening of Wednesday, October 9, 2019




THANKSGIVING DAY (Canada):  Monday, October 14, 2019 (the second Monday in October)







DIWALI (Hindu Festival of Lights, beginning of Hindu New Year): Begins on Tuesday, October 27, 2019 and ends Saturday, October 31, 2019 (dates may vary)





HALLOWEEN:  Thursday, October 31, 2019






NOVEMBER


ALL SAINTS DAY:  Friday, November 1, 2019






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REMEMBRANCE DAY (Canada), VETERAN'S DAY (United States):  Monday, November 11, 2019





THANKSGIVING DAY (United States):  Thursday, November 28, 2019 (the last Thursday in November)






DECEMBER


HANUKKAH (Jewish Festival of Lights):  Begins the evening of Sunday, December 22, 2019 and ends the evening of Monday, December 30, 2019




CHRISTMAS DAY:  Wednesday, December 25, 2019






BOXING DAY (Canada):  Thursday, December 26, 2019





AROUND THE WORLD IN 2019




CANADA










A federal election is scheduled is scheduled to take place in Canada on or before Monday, October 21, 2019.  It will be the 43rd Canadian general election.  The vote is determined 
by the fixed-date procedures in the Canada Election Act.  However, the act does not prevent the Governor General of Canada from issuing the writs of election at an earlier date.  338 members will be elected to the House of Commons.

The Quebec Winter Carnival (Carnaval de Québec) will be held in held in Quebec City, Quebec from February 8, 2019 to February 17, 2019.  Below is a drawing of Bonhomme Carnaval, the festival's mascot.


The Calgary Stampede with take place in Calgary, Alberta from July 5 2019 to July 15, 2019.

The 139th Canadian National Exhibition (also known as the CNE or The Ex) will be held from August 16, 2019 to September 2, 2019 at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Ontario.

The Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF), the leading public film festival in the world, will take
place in Toronto, Ontario from Thursday, September 5, 2019 to Sunday, September 15, 2019.


FRANCE












The 72nd Cannes Film Festival {Festival de Cannes) will be held in Cannes, France from Tuesday, May 14, 2019 until Saturday, May 25, 2019.




INDIA









General elections are scheduled to be held in India in April or May of 2019 to constitute the 17th Lok Sabha (House of the People), the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament.



INDONESIA









The Republic of Indonesia will hold its 12th general election on April 17th, 2019.  For the first time, voters in the world's largest island nation will choose their representatives in all level, governors, and presidents simultaneously.

JAPAN

Emperor Akihito of Japan will abdicate on April 30, 2019, the first abdication of a Japanese monarch in about two centuries.  Crown Prince Naruhito will take on the role on May 1, 2019, becoming the 126th Emperor to ascend to Japan's Chrysanthemum Throne.

Akihito



NIGERIA










On February 16, 2019, Nigeria, a federal republic in West Africa, will hold general elections.  Nigerians will elect the President and the National Assembly.




UNITED KINGDOM








On March 29, 2919, the United Kingdom's membership in the European Union is scheduled to cease.  Gibraltar is also scheduled to leave the European Union.



UNITED STATES







January 3, 2019 will mark the 60th anniversary of Alaska's admission as the 49th state of the union on January 3, 1959.

On June 4, 1919 (100 years ago), the United States Congress passed the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, granting all American women the right to vote.  The 19th Amendment was ratified on August 18, 1920.  Below is a photo of Frederick H. Gillett, the Speaker of the House of Representatives signing the constitutional amendment bill.



August 21, 2019 will mark the 60th anniversary of Hawaii's admission as the 50th state of the union on August 21, 1959.

On Tuesday, November 5, 2019, voters will choose three state governors and various state and local officials.


SPORTING EVENTS IN 2019




AUSTRALIA


TENNIS: The Australian Open will take place from Monday, January 14, 2019 to Sunday January 27, 2019 at Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Australia.



CANADA

GOLF:  The Canadian Open will be played at the Hamilton,Golf  and Country Club in Ancaster, Ontario.  The tournament will take place from Thursday, June 6 to Sunday, June 9, 2019.

HORSE RACING:  The 158th running of the Queen's Plate, the first jewel of Canada's Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Horse Racing, will take place at Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto, Ontario (date not announced yet) 2019.  The Queen's Plate, founded in 1860, is the longest, continuously run stakes race in North America.  

CANADIAN FOOTBALL LEAGUE (CFL):  The 107th Grey Cup will be held on Sunday, 
November 24, 2019 at McMahon Stadium in Calgary, Alberta, home of the Calgary Stampeders.


FRANCE

TENNIS:  The French Open (also known as the Roland Garros) will take place at Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France from Sunday, May 26 to Sunday, June 9, 2019.



PERU


The 18th Pan American Games, a major international multi-sport event, will be held in Lima, Peru from July 26, 2019 to August 11, 2019.


UNITED KINGDOM

TENNIS:  The prestigious Wimbledon tournament will run from Monday, July 1, 2019 until Sunday, July 14, 2019.  It will take place at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club in Wimbleton, London, England.

GOLF:  The 148th British Open Championship will be held at Royal Portrush Golf Club in Portrush, County Antrim, Northern Ireland from Monday, July 15, 2019 to Sunday, July 21, 2019.



UNITED STATES

NFL FOOTBALL:  Super Bowl LIII (the 53nd edition of the Super Bowl) will take place on Sunday, February 3, 2019 at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia.  Mercedes-Benz Stadium is the home of the Atlanta Falcons of the National Football League (NFL).

GOLF:  The 82nd edition of the Masters Tournament will be held from Thursday, April 11, 2019 to Sunday, April 14, 2019 at the Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia.

HORSE RACING:  The 145th running of the Kentucky Derby, known as "The Run for the Roses," will be held on Saturday, May 4, 2019 (the first Saturday in May) at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky.

AUTO RACING:  The 103rd Indianapolis 500 will take place on Sunday, May, 26, 2019 at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana.

GOLF:  The 119th United States Open Championship (U.S. Open) will be contested from Thursday, June 13, 2019 to Sunday, June 16 , 2019 at Pebble Beach Golf Links at Pebble Beach, California.

BASEBALL:  The 90th edition of the Major League Baseball All-Star Game will be hosted by the Cleveland Indians at Progressive Field in Cleveland, Ohio..  The game between the stars of the American League and the National League will take place on Tuesday, July 9, 2019.

BASKETBALL:  The 68th National Basketball Association (NBA) All-Star Game will be held on Sunday, February 17, 2019 in Charlotte, North Carolina at the Spectrum Center, home of the Charlotte Hornets.

TENNIS:  The U.S. Open will be held from Monday, August 26, 2019 through Sunday, September 8, 2019.at the USTA Billie Jean King Center in New York, New York.



ENTERTAINMENT AWARDS IN 2019




The 76th Golden Globe Awards ceremonies, presented by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, will be held on Sunday, January 6, 2019 at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills, California. These awards recognize excellence in film and television, both American and foreign.

The 61st annual Grammy Awards, honouring the best of the music industry, will be held on Sunday, February 10, 2019 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California.

The 91st Academy Awards ceremonies will take place on Sunday, February 24, 2019 at the Dolby Theatre at Hollywood & Highland Center in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California.

London, Ontario will host the 48th annual Juno Awards, honouring the best in Canadian music. The ceremony will be broadcast from Budweiser Gardens on Sunday, March 17, 2019.

The Canadian Screen Awards, hnouring the best in Canadian cinema and television, will take place on Sunday, March 31, 2019.

The 73rd Antoinette Perry Awards for Excellence in Theatre, better known as the Tony Awards, will be held at Radio City Music Hall in New York City on Sunday, June 9, 2019


WHO TURNS 50 IN 2019?



Jennifer Aniston: 
American actress, born February 11, 1969 in Sherman Oaks, California, United States

Jason Bateman:  American actor, director and producer, born January 14, 1969 in Rye, New York, United States

Jack Black:  Amrican actor, comedian, musician and songwriter, born August 28, 1969 in Santa Monica, California

Chaz Bono (formerly Chastity Bono), American musician and actor, born March 4, 1969 in Los Angeles, California, United States

Bobby Brown:  American singer-songwriter, born February 5, 1969 in Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Cate Blanchett:  Australian actress, born May 14, 1969 in Ivanhoe, Victoria, Australia, a suburb of Melbourne

Gerard Butler:  Scottish actor and producer, born November 13, 1969 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland, United Kingdom

Sean Combs (also known as P. Diddy, Puff Daddy): American rap singer-songwriter, born November 4, 1969 in Manhattan (Harlem), New York City, New York, United States

Brett Favre:  former American football quarterback, born October 10, 1969 in Gulfport, Misssissippi, United States

Stefi Graf:  German former professional tennis player, born June 14, 1969 in Mannheim. Baden-Württemberg,West Germany

Anne Heche:  American actress, director and screenwriter, born May 25, 1969 in Aurora, United States

Josh Holloway:  American actor model and producer, born July 20, 1969 in San Jose, California, United States

Rachel Hunter:  New Zealand model, actress and television host, born September 8, 1969 in
Glenfield, New Zealand, a suburb on Auckland's North Shore

Ice Cube (O'Shea Jackson Sr.):  American rap singer-songwriter and actor, born June 15, 1969 in Baldwin Hills, South Central Los Angeles, California, United States

Jay-Z (Shawn Corey Carter):  American rap singer, entrepreneur, songwriter and record producer, was born December 4, 1969 in Brooklyn, New York, United States

Nancy Kerrigan:  American actress and former figure skater, born October 13, 1969 in Stoneham, Massachusetts, United States

Jennifer Lopez:  American singer, actress and dancer, born July 24, 1969 in The Bronx, New York City, New York, United States

Matthew McConaughey:  American actor and producer, born November 4, 1969 in Uvalde, Tesas, United States

Marilyn Manson (Brian Hugh Warner):  American singer-songwriter, record producer and visual artist, born January 5, 1969 in Canton, Ohio, Unites States

Edward Norton:  American actor and filmmaker, born August 18, 1969 in Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Matthew Perry:  Canadian-American actor, comedian and playwright, born August 19, 1969 in Williamstown, Massachusetts, United States and raised in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Ellen Pompeo:  American actress, director and producer, born November 10, 1969 in Everett, Massachusetts, United States

Jason Priestly:  Canadian-American actor and director, born August 28, 1969 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Paul Rudd:  American actor, comedian, writer and film producer, born April 6, 1969 in Passaic, New Jersey, United States

Michael Schumacher:  Retired German racing driver, born January 3, 1969 in Hürth, West Germany

Sheryl Sandberg:  American technology executive and author, born August 28, 1969 in Washington, D.C., United States

Michael Sheen  Welsh actor, born on February 5, 1969 in Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales, United Kingdom

Emmitt Smith:  Former professional American football player, born May 15, 1969 in Pensacola, Florida, United States

Lara Spencer:  American television host and journalist, born June 19, 1969 in Garden City, Long Island, New York, United States

Ali Velshi:  Canadian television journalist, born October 29, 1969 in Nairobi, Kenya and raised in Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Donnie Wahlberg:  American singer-songwriter, actor, record and television producer, born August 17, 1969 in Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Catherine Zeta-Jones:  Welsh actress, born September 25, 1969 in Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom



- Joanne

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